Why are we part of the PHOENIX Initiative?
Industries such as chemical, steel or cement are the backbone of the German economy. Whilst industry is a major producer of carbon emissions, it is also in need of carbon as a resource. CO2 valorisation offers a sustainable and reliable path to utilise CO2 as an alternative carbon raw material by interlinking previously unrelated industries and value chains. Though this can be achieved to a certain extend on national level, the full potential of these promising new technologies can only be reached by working together across Europe. Public-private partnership and interaction with all relevant stakeholders will be the key to success.
What do we do in CO2 valorisation?
The German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) funds activities in CO2 valorisation since 2010.
Within the Ministry, two major programs are the base for R&D&I funding:
1) The research framework programme “Research for Sustainable Development (FONA)”.
Under FONA, the world’s largest concerted funding measure for CO2 valorisation “Technologies for Sustainability and Climate Protection – Chemical Processes and Use of CO2” (100 Million EUR public funding, 50 Million EUR industry investment) initiated the first coordinated research activities, focusing on chemicals & polymers, energy storage and energy efficiency. This measure was followed in 2016 with the funding measure “CO2Plus – Utilisation of CO2 to broaden the raw material base” (public funding 18 Million EUR), concerned with CO2 capture, chemicals& polymers and electro- and photocatalysis.
2) The 6th Energy Research Programme.
Within the energy research programme, basic research projects were funded initially in the area of energy storage, mainly focusing on methanation. Meanwhile, the Kopernikus project “P2X” with a consortium of over 90 partners is concerned with all aspects of Power-to-X along the value chain. The consortium of “Carbon2Chem” is a site specific case study for the integration of steel mill gases and renewable energies at a steel plant.