Why are we part of the PHOENIX Initiative?

The Netherlands aims to reduce CO2 emissions by 49 percent in 2030 – while maintaining a competitive economy. The Netherlands government supports CO2 valorisation where this contributes to CO2 emissions reduction and competitiveness.

Policies on CO2 valorisation are being developed by the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate. On the basis of these policies, the Netherlands will decide on future involvement in Phoenix. At this moment, the Netherlands is part of the core team.

The Netherlands Enterprise Agency participates in Phoenix on behalf of the Dutch Government.

What do we do in CO2 valorisation?

In the Netherlands, CO2 valorisation is in commercial operation today.

The most important application in terms of volume is the use of CO2 in greenhouses. Five hundred ktons of CO2 are reused annually for this purpose. Greenhouse farmers want to convert to cheaper and more sustainable sources of CO2 than burning natural gas, especially in summer. There are two significant pipeline networks. Also, some producers of biomethane supply their waste CO2 to local horticulture.

There are traditional and innovative other applications as well. As examples: DRBG produces a building material that absorbs 250 kg CO2/m3; also, Bio-MCN converts bio-CO2 from a bio-methane installation to bio-methanol; Waste incinerator Twence captures CO2 for the production of NaHCO3 for the fuel gas cleaning, and Photanol can convert CO2 into valuable products with cyanobacteria. These applications have sometimes but not always been supported by governmental subsidies on energy saving or CO2 emissions reduction. More than 20 organisations have joined ‘CO2 smart grid’, which promotes CO2 capture, transport, utilization and permanent underground storage.

Research and Innovation connected to CO2 valorisation is ongoing as well; from projects directed to the future of the chemical industry (Voltachem) through smaller projects in TKI Gas related to e. g. mineralisation, cheap and flexible transportation of CO2, and generating value from process streams that contain important building blocks for new production processes.

The Netherlands is a party in the SET Plan CCUS Implementation Plan. It is also involved in ACT ( The 8 ongoing ACT CCUS projects also include valorization research. The Netherlands is also a member of ECCSEL, which makes available research infrastructure on CCUS at a European scale. The Netherlands is also collaborating in CSLF and other international organisations related to CCUS.

Netherlands Enterprise Agency (RVO)

Barbara Breimer
+31 6 5252 6005

Netherlands Enterprise Agency (RVO)

Gerdi Breembroek
+31 6 5256 4480